A float switch is a level sensor used to detect the level of liquid usually in a tank, container or well. The flotation part of the device sits on top of the liquid and will switch on the rise and fall of the liquid. Float switches are used for automatic level control of groundwater, wastewater, and sewage pumps, for raw water and liquid transfer pumps at waterworks, and for high water alarm.
Float switches have a reed switch and a pivoted magnet and can be used for normally open (N/O) or normally closed (N/C) operation. The switch action can be reversed rotating the switch through 180°.
The switch sits on top of a water level and the changing fluid level will cause the reed change to work (for instance close or open) at a specific level. The internal mechanical switch opens or closes the electrical circuit with gravity which enables it to turn equipment on and off such as a water pump.
Features and Benefits
Applications of Float Switches
Float Switches can be used in several situations, some of which include:
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