Reflective Optical Sensors

Image sensors are devices that convert light waves or electromagnetic radiation that pass through or reflect off the object into a piece of information that constitutes an image. Image sensors are commonly used in photography and videography industries, for producing digital cameras, medical imaging equipment, night vision cameras, thermal imaging devices, radars, sonars etc. Image sensors are built from thousands of small light-sensitive cells that capture the light, recognise the colour and convert it into a digital signal. There are two main types of sensors on the market and they are CCD sensors and CMOS sensors.

CCD

In this sensor every light-sensitive cell is an analogue device. When light strikes the chip it is held as a small electrical charge in each photo cell. The charges in the line of pixels nearest to the (one or more) output amplifiers are amplified and output, then each line of pixels shifts its charges one line closer to the amplifier, filling the empty line closest to the amplifiers. This process is then repeated until all the lines of pixels have had their charge amplified and output.

CMOS

CMOS sensors are different in build from CCD sensors. CMOS image sensor has an amplifier for each pixel compared to the few amplifiers of a CCD. This results in less area for the capture of photons than a CCD, but this problem has been overcome by using micro lenses in front of each photodiode, which focus light into the photodiode that would have otherwise hit the amplifier and not be detected. CMOS sensors can potentially be implemented with fewer components, use less power, and/or provide faster readout than CCD sensors. They are also less vulnerable to static electricity discharges.


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Description Price Peak Sensor Distance Output Device Typical Rise Time Typical Fall Time Number of Channels Number of Pins Mounting Type Package Type Dimensions Height Length Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Width
RS Stock No. 124-1360
Mfr. Part No.QRE1113GR
TWD11.70
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
- Phototransistor 20 μ 20µs 1 4 Surface Mount SMD 3.6 x 2.9 x 1.7mm 1.7mm 3.6mm 85°C -40°C 2.9mm
RS Stock No. 761-3984
Mfr. Part No.QRE1113GR
TWD38.40
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- Phototransistor 20µs 20µs 1 4 Surface Mount SMD 3.6 x 2.9 x 1.7mm 1.7mm 3.6mm +85°C -40°C 2.9mm
RS Stock No. 862-9400
Mfr. Part No.QRE1113
TWD36.60
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
- Phototransistor 20µs 20µs 1 4 Through Hole Miniature 3.6 x 2.9 x 1.7mm 1.7mm 3.6mm +85°C -40°C 2.9mm
RS Stock No. 178-7542
Mfr. Part No.QRE1113
TWD15.50
Each (In a Bag of 1600)
units
- Phototransistor 20µs 20µs 1 4 Through Hole Miniature 3.6 x 2.9 x 1.7mm 1.7mm 3.6mm +85°C -40°C 2.9mm